Posted: Mar 19, 2018
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Faster payments mean a vendor getting paid by its customer quicker, or getting a P2P transfer into the recipient’s bank account the same day. Automated Clearinghouse (ACH), the network that connects every financial institution, and makes payroll deposits, bill pay and business settlements possible, has been undergoing changes in phases. The phases represent incremental steps in the process to shorten the length of time it takes to make payments, from days to hours. The third phase of this transition went into effect March 16, 2018, and credit unions and their members, especially business owners, need to be aware of the impact. 



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Posted: Mar 6, 2018
Categories: Regulations, Consulting
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ThePaymentsReview continues a new feature that occasionally highlights regulatory topics important to credit unions.

Accounting for loan losses is at the heart of credit union accounting. Setting aside reserves for loan losses is an important accounting component, but an increase in allowances reduces a credit union’s capital. Under current accounting standards, a credit union recognizes losses when they reach a probable threshold of loss. This is called an incurred loss accounting model. In practical terms, incurred loss accounting is a backwards-looking model, measuring a pool of loans against historic annualized write-offs. This method can drastically underrepresent potential future losses when a loan portfolio is exposed to a financial crisis, especially after a run of several years with lower losses. And this is exactly what happened following the financial crisis of 2008 in which some credit unions found themselves under reserved and unprepared for losses in their loan and mortgage portfolios while losses to their investments, and in many cases, shares declined. In the rising economy of the early 2000’s, losses were not being accounted for as “probable”.

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